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Editor's Note - 44 (January 1, 2012)



Prabandha Saaram — Swami Desika’s Masterful Ready-Reckoner

Dear Fellow-Bhagavathas,

Swami Desika was a Master of Everything as summed up by the title ‘Sarva Thanthra Swathanthra’ conferred on him by none-less-than Periya Piraatti. His Ingenuity was to the fore in whatever he did. Numerous examples can be cited from his illustrious life/works to prove the point. Composing Prabandha Saaram, a Prabandham which enumerates each Azhwar’s Avathara details such as Star and month of birth, place of birth, their other names, their great works in the order of chronology and their number, etc.

It was only Swami Desika who categorically came up with the perfect tally of the Naalaayira Divya Prabandham, which includes Raamaanusa Nootranthaadhi composed by Thiruvarngath-Amudhanaar. Sri Desika himself announces the purpose of penning Prabandha Saaram in the first Paasuram itself. He then proceeds to dedicate one Paasuram each to the 12 Azhwars and Amudhanaar. In Paasuram Nos. 15 and 16, the Azhwar-wise summary of Paasurams is given. The penultimate Paasuram is a recap of all the names that contributed to the great work of 4,000 Paasurams. The 18th and final verse carries the author’s signature and Phala Sruti.

This logical account of Azhwars, their Prabandhams and number of Paasurams in each of them take the aggregate to the magic number of 4,000 in the most authentic manner. Thus, Prabandha Saaram of the great Acharya serves as a masterful ready-reckoner for Azhwars and Divya Prabandham.

The following tables provide the gist of Prabandha Saaram with the addition of a few more details.

Hope you find this useful.


Sl. No.Azhwar
Manifestation of
Avathara Day and PlacePrabandham(s) - No. of versesTotal Prabandhams
/ Verses
1Poigai Azhwar
Sankha
Sidhdhaarthi-Aippasi-Thiruvonam
Sukla-Ashtami-Tuesday
At Thiruvehka
Mudhal Thiruvanthaadhi - 1001 / 100
2Bhuthath-Azhwar
Gadha
Sidhdhaarthi-Aippasi-Avittam
Sukla-Navami-Wednesday
At ThirukKadal Mallai
Irandaam Thiruvanthaadhi - 1001 / 100
3Peyazhwar
Nandhaka
Sidhdhaarthi-Aippasi-Sathayam
Sukla-Dasami-Thursday
At Thirumayilai
Moonraam Thiruvanthaadhi - 1001 / 100
4Thirumazhisai Azhwar
Chakra
Sidhdhaaarthi-Thai-Magham
Krishna-Prathamai-Sunday
At Thirumazhisai
Naanmukan Thiruvanthaadhi - 96
Thiru-Chanda Viruththam - 120
1 / 216
5Nammazhwar
Vishvaksena
Pramaathi-Vaikaasi-Visaakham
Sukla-Pournami-Friday
At ThirukKurugur
Thiruviruththam - 100
Thiruvaasiriyam - 7
Periya Thiruvanthaadhi - 87
Thiruvoymozhi - 1102
4 / 1296
6Madhurakavi Azhwar
Ganaadhipa by name Kumudha
Iswara-Chiththirai-Chiththirai
Sukla-Chathurdasi-Friday
At ThirukKolur
KanniNun Siru-Thaambu - 111 / 11
7Kulasekhara Azhwar
Kousthubha
Paraabhava-Maasi-Punarpoosam
Sukla-Dwaadhasi-Friday
At Thiru VanjikKalam
Perumal Thirumozhi - 1051 / 105
8Periyazhwar
Garuda
Krodhana-Aani-Swaathi
Sukla-Ekadasi-Sunday
At Srivillipuththur
Periyazhwar Thirumozhi - 4731 / 473
9Andal
Bhu Devi
Nala-Aadi-Pooram
Sukla-Chathurdasi-Tuesday
At Srivillipuththur
ThirupPaavai - 30
Naachiyaar thirumozhi - 143
2 / 173
10Thondar Adipodi Azhwar
Vaijayanthi Vanamaalika
Prabhava-Maargazhi-Kettai
Krishna-Chathurdasi-Tuesday
At Thirumandankudi
Thirumaalai - 45
ThirupPalli Ezhuchi - 10
2 / 55
11ThirupPaan Azhwar
Srivathsa
Dhumnathi-Kaarthikai-Rohini
Krishna-Dwitheeyai-Wednesday
At Uraiyur
Amalanaadhi Piraan - 101 / 10
12Thirumangai Azhwar
Saarnga
Nala-Kaarthikai-Kaarthikai
Sukla-Pournami-Thursday
At ThirukKuraiyalur
Periya Thirumozhi - 1084
ThirukKurun Thaandakam - 20
ThiruNedun Thaandakam - 30
Thiruvezhu-Kootrirukkai - 1
Siriya Thirumadal - 40
Periya Thirumadal - 78
6 / 1253
13Sri Ramanuja*
Aadhi Sesha
Pingala-Chiththirai-Thiruvaadhirai
Sukla-Panchami-Friday
At Sriperumpudhur
Ramaanusa Nootranthaadhi - 108
(by thiruvarangath-Amudhanaar)
1 / 108
Grand Total24 / 4000
* - The great Acharya is the subject matter of Amudhanar's Prabandham

Meet you in the next Note.


எங்கள் தூப்புல் பிள்ளை பாதம் என் சென்னியதே!

Natteri P. Srihari (a) Lakshmi Narasimhacharyar

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