An Overview Of Thooppul Pillai’s Tamil Prabandhams - 13
The essence of the Naalaayira Divya Prabandham, named by Swami Desika himself as ‘Prabandha Saaram’, is the next work in the order and is the penultimate one (வேதாந்த குரு மொழிந்த ப்ரபந்தசாரம்).
Even though this Prabandham has been covered as a one-off write-up in these columns, thought it fit to be included in this series, given its defining nature.
18. Prabandha Saaram
By composing ‘Prabandha Saaram’ (18 verses), Swami Desika categorically and unequivocally arrived at the exact tally of the Paasurams in Divya Prabandham (4,000) and the number of individual Prabandhams (24).
Much of the debate and differential interpretations revolved around Periyazhwar Thirumozhi, the Madals and Ramanusa Nootranthaadhi and our illustrious Acharya put his stamp of authority through ‘Prabandha Saaram’. When the ‘Kavi-thaarkika Simham’ (The Lion amongst Poets and Debaters) speaks, can there be any challenge worthy of note? It may be noted that only Swami Desika has come up with the perfect formula on the magic number of 4,000.
A couple of verses of considerable alliterative excellence form a fitting Thaniyan to ‘Prabandha Saaram’. Sri Desika announces the purpose of penning Prabandha Saaram right in the first Paasuram. He then proceeds to dedicate one Paasuram each to the 12 Azhwars, and then, one to Amudhanaar.
In each of these verses, the name of the Azhwar, day and place of birth, the Prabandham(s) composed by him and the number of Paasurams therein, etc. are enumerated. In Paasuram Nos. 15 and 16, the Azhwar-wise summary of Paasurams is given. The penultimate Paasuram is a recap of all the great names that contributed to the great work of 4,000 Paasurams. The 18th and final verse carries the author’s signature and Phala-Sruti.
The following table provides the gist of the Prabandham.
|Sl. No.||Azhwar||Place and Day of Avathara||Names of Prabandham(s) -|
No. of verses
|Mudhal Thiruvanthaadhi - 100||1 / 100|
|Irandaam Thiruvanthaadhi - 100||1 / 100|
|Moonraam Thiruvanthaadhi - 100||1 / 100|
|Naanmukan Thiruvanthaadhi - 96|
Thiru-Chanda Viruththam - 120
|1 / 216|
|Thiruviruththam - 100|
Thiruvaasiriyam - 7
Periya Thiruvanthaadhi - 87
Thiruvoymozhi - 1102
|4 / 1296|
|KanniNun Siru-Thaambu - 11||1 / 11|
|7||Kulasekhara Azhwar||Thiru VanjikKalam,|
|Perumal Thirumozhi - 105||1/ 105|
|Periyazhwar Thirumozhi - 473||1 / 473|
|ThirupPaavai - 30|
Naachiyaar thirumozhi - 143
|2 / 173|
|Thirumaalai - 45|
ThirupPalli Ezhuchi - 10
|2 / 55|
|11||ThirupPaan Azhwar||Thiru Uraiyur,|
|Amalanaadhi Piraan - 10||1 / 10|
|Periya Thirumozhi - 1084|
ThirukKurum Thaandakam - 20
ThiruNedum Thaandakam - 30
Thiruvezhu-Kootrirukkai - 1
Siriya Thirumadal - 40
Periya Thirumadal - 78
|6 / 1253|
|Ramaanusa Nootranthaadhi - 108||1 / 108|
|Grand Total||24 / 4000|
|* The great Acharya is the subject matter of Amudhanaar's Prabandham|
As conclusion, the author declares that those meditate on ‘Prabandha Saaram’ will be blessed with all auspiciousness, by the grace of Sriman Narayana.
19. Aahaara Niyamam
In 21 Paasurams, the Prabandham provides us specifies as regards what and what not to eat. This has been covered in Note No. 52.
This Kumara Varadacharya-composed Prabandham is to Desika Prabandham as Iraamaanusa Nootranthaadhi is to Divya Prabandham.
Pillai Anthaadhi is soaked in devotion with 20 verses oozing Thooppul Pillai’s virtues, feats and greatness that stemmed as much from his unflinching devotion to Bhagavath Ramanuja as the latter’s bountiful grace showered on him. A two-part write-up posted earlier in these columns is available in Note Nos. 88 & 89.
With this, the series ‘An Overview Of Thooppul Pillai’s Tamil Prabandhams’ draws to a conclusion.
Meet you in the next Note.
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