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Swami Desika Ė Master of Analogy - 10 (May 15, 2009)

100 Gems from Srimath Rahasyathraya Saaram
S. Padmalatha, Chennai.

Analogical Gems 46 to 50

46. How a person keeps counting the days remaining for his/her marriage (Gathi Visesha Adhikaaram):

வரப்போகிற கண்ணாலத்திற்கு நாள் எண்ணியிருக்குமாப் போலே

Swami Desika describes in detail, the final journey undertaken by the Jivathma to Sri Vaikuntam and the experiences that await him.

Every Prapanna has to meditate upon this route with all its glory. For a person practising Bhakti Yoga, the meditation upon this route called Archiradhi Gathi is a part of his Yogam itself. Even though it is not so for a Prapanna, just as the countdown begins in the mind of a person soon to be wed, it would be beneficial for him to keep thinking about the pleasures and experiences in store for him. If he does that, he would not be greatly affected by any untoward happenings in this world.

Swami cites the example of Sita Piraatti, whose heart was so filled with thoughts of Sri Rama that she felt she was near him even while she was in Asoka Vanam.

47. How a person partakes of milk with joy once his liver malfunction is cured (Paripoorna Brahmaanubhava Adhikaaram):

பித்தோபஹதனுக்குப் ப்ரதிகூலமான பால் பித்தம் சமித்தால் அநுகூலம் ஆமாப் போலே

As per the Saasthras, once a Jiva becomes a Muktha, (reaches Sri Vaikuntam) all substances are beneficial to him irrespective of their nature (Swaroopa).

Now, a question arises as to how this is possible. The Nature, Form and Qualities of the Lord and the substances in Sri Vaikuntam are inarguably beneficial as they are purely saathvik (without any mix of Rajas or Thamas). Be that as it may, how can it apply for substances in this world made of all three qualities, namely, Sathva, Rajas and Thamas?

Just as a person who could not drink milk when he had a liver malfunction, partakes of the same with joy once his disease is cured, for a Muktha, there is no substance that is harmful by nature as all are creations of the Lord and He resides in every one of them. Once his Karma is destroyed, he can enjoy even those things that appear to be harmful.

48. How a prince, once released from prison and crowned, considers the prison his inheritance (Paripoorna Brahmaanubhava Adhikaaram):

ஸார்வபௌமனான பிதாவினுடைய சிறைக்கூடம், சிறை கிடக்கிற ராஜகுமாரனுக்கு அப்போது ப்ரதிகூலமாய் ராஜா சிறைக்கூடத்தினின்றும் புறப்படவிட்டு உகந்து துல்யபோகனாக வைத்த அளவில், சிறைக்கூடமான கோப்புக் குலையாதிருக்கச் செய்தே பிதாவின் விபூதியென்று அனுகூலம் ஆமாப் போலே

This is another analogy to reinforce the concept explained in the previous one.

If a prince was imprisoned for some reason and was later released, his attitude towards the prison would undergo a sea change, even though the restrictive and punishing nature of the prison remains the same. The prison hated by the prince during incarceration would then be deemed to be a part of inheritance and hence he might even enjoy a cursory visit keeping his authority intact.

Similarly, for a Muktha, the Samsaara which was untenable before, is also the Lordís creation now and hence to be viewed as such. If the Lord wills, he might even visit it again, but without any material bondage.

49. How a hundred is included in thousand (Paripoorna Brahmaanubhava Adhikaaram):

ஸஹஸ்ரத்தில் சதாதிகளைப் போலே

Here, a very interesting concept is explained by Swami Desika. What exactly is Moksha? Some people say that there are four types of Moksha namely, Saaloka, Saaroopya, Saameepya and Saayujya.

Saaloka means just inhabiting the same place as the Lord. Saaroopya is getting a form similar to that of the Lord. Saameepya is residing very near to the Lord. Saayujya is actually experiencing the Lord.

Sri Swami clarifies that Saayujya is the actual Moksham and all others are included in this just as hundreds are included in a thousand. Saayujya happens in Sri Vaikuntam and so Saaloka and Saameepya are taken care of. A Muktha can take any body (Sareera) he wishes to and hence Saaroopa is also possible.

50. How a farmerís progeny enjoy the fruits of his labour without any effort on their part (Paripoorna Brahmaanubhava Adhikaaram):

க்ருஷி பண்ணின பிதாவும் நிர்வ்யாபரரான புத்ராதிகளும் க்ருஷி பலத்தைப் புஜிக்குமாப் போலே

Just as two people who enjoy a dessert share its sweetness, the Muktha experiences along with the Lord, His Nature, Form and Qualities and also all the substances in the world.

Even though there is equality in all respects (the Knowledge of the Muktha equals the Knowledge of the Lord), since the creation of the world can be undertaken only by Sriman Narayana, how can a Muktha be said to have an equal experience?

This is explained by Sri Swami with a beautiful example. Just as a farmerís progeny, without any slogging, are able to enjoy the fruits of their fatherís hard work, Mukthas, as children of the Lord, get to enjoy the pleasure arising from creation even without actually participating in it.

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Next in series: Gems 51 to 55, on June 15, 2009.

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