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Acharya Vamsa Vruksham - 8 (September 15, 2009)


Lineage Tree of Preceptors
Anbil Ramaswamy, U.S.A.



10. SRI RAMANUJA (Chiththirai-Thiruvaadhirai) – Part - III

Events in the life of Sri Ramanuja (Continued...):

  • Sri Ramanuja nominated 74 Acharyas (known as Simhaasana Adhipahis) to succeed him. It is he who instituted the 13-day ‘Iyal Ghoshti’ in Srirangam.
  • Ramanuja ascended to Paramapadam with his head on the lap of Embar and his feet on the lap of Vaduga Nambi. Ramanuja breathed his last in 1137 AD listening to the recitation of the Divya Prabandham.
  • Born in Pingala year, he left for his heavenly abode also in Pingala year that followed 120 years from the year of his Avathara. Thus, he lived two full cycles of Tamil years.
  • His physical body is preserved even today in a sitting posture in the Sannidhi (Sanctum Sanctorum) dedicated to him on the southwest corner on the fifth round within the Srirangam temple as ordered by Lord Ranganatha Himself.
  • Thus, in the holiest place on earth hailed as ‘Bhooloka Vaikuntam’ (Vaikuntam on Earth) lies preserved the body of Sri Ramanuja in all its pristine state unostentatiously, without any fanfare or publicity and without using any of the chemical preservatives. Swami Desika in Sloka 10 of his Yathiraja Sapthathi pays obeisance to Bhagavath Ramanuja thus before proceeding with his eulogy.
    ப்ரணாமம் லக்ஷ்மண முநி: ப்ரதிக்ருஹ்ணாது மாமகம் !
    ப்ரஸாதயதி யத்ஸூக்தி: ஸ்வாதீந பதிகாம் ச்ருதிம் !!

    “I beseech Sri Ramanuja whose great works claimed the acclaim of the Lord and adorned the Upanishads, to kindly accept my salutations.”

    There is another famous Sloka which says:

    தஸ்மை ரமாநுஜார்யாய நம: பரம யோகிநே !
    ய: ச்ருதி ஸ்ம்ருதி ஸூத்ராணாம் அந்தர்ஜ்வரமஸோ ஸமதா !!
    “I bow to that Sri Ramanuja, the great Yogi who became the very soul of Vedas, Upanishads and other Suthras.”

Sri Ramanuja’s Acharyas:

Sri Ramanuja studied under the following five Acharyas:

  • Periya Nambi: Had his Samasrayanam under him, learned Suthram, the Gita and Rahasyaartha.
  • Tirukkottiyur Nambi: Was initiated into Ashtaakshara and Charama Sloka by him.
  • Thirumaalai Aandaan: Studied Bhagavath Vishayam.
  • Aalavandhaar Azhwan (s/o. Yaamuna Muni): Thiruvoymozhi, Sthothras and Nal Vaarthai.
  • Thirumalai Nambi (his own uncle): Listened to Ramayanam discourses.

The 74 Simhaasana Adhipathis:

Bhagavath Ramanuja nominated the following 74 of his disciples as Simhaasana Adhipathis:

  1. Chottai Nambi, son of Aala Vandaar
  2. Pundarika, son of Periya Nambi
  3. Yaamuna, son of Thirukkottiyur Nambi
  4. Sundara Bahu, son of Thirumaalai Aandaan
  5. Ramanuja, son of Thirumalai Nambi
  6. Parasara Bhattar, son of Koorath-Azhwan
  7. Ramanuja, son of Aandaan
  8. Naduvil Azhwan
  9. Gomatathu Azhwan
  10. TirukKovalur Azhwan
  11. Thirumogur Azhwan
  12. Pillai azhwan
  13. Nadaadhur Azhwan
  14. Engal azhwan
  15. Milagaazhwan
  16. Neyyundaazhwan
  17. Setlur Siriyaazhwan
  18. Ananthaazhwan
  19. Vedaanthi Azhwan
  20. Kovil Azhwan
  21. Ukkalaazhwan
  22. Aranapurathu Azhwan
  23. Embar (Govinda)
  24. Kidambi Aachaan
  25. Kaniyanur Siriyaazhwan
  26. Ichchambaadi Aachaan
  27. Kongil Aachaan
  28. Ichchambaadi Jeeyar
  29. Thirumalai Nallaan
  30. Sattaam Pillai Jeeyar
  31. Thiruvellarai Jeeyar
  32. Aatkondavilli Jeeyar
  33. Thirunagarip Pillai
  34. Kaaraanji Somayaaji
  35. Alankaara Venkatavar
  36. Nambi Karum Devar
  37. Devaraaja Bhattar
  1. Pillai Urandhai Udaiyaar
  2. Thiru-Kurugai Piraan Pillaan
  3. Periya Koil Vallalaar
  4. Aasoori Perumaal
  5. Kannapurathu Aachchaan
  6. Muni Perumaal
  7. Ammangi Perumaal
  8. Maaruthi Aanddan
  9. Maaruthi Siriyaandaan
  10. Somayaji Aandaan
  11. Jeeyar Aandaan
  12. Isvaraandaan
  13. Iyunni Pillai Aandaan
  14. Periyaandaan
  15. Siriyaandaan
  16. Kurinji Puram Siriyaandaan
  17. Ammangi Aandaan
  18. Aalavandaar Aandaan
  19. Arulaala Perumal Emperumaanaar
  20. Thondanoor Nambi
  21. Marudhur Nambi
  22. Mazhuvur Nambi
  23. ThirukKurungudi Nambi
  24. Kuruva Nambi
  25. Mudumbai Nambi
  26. Vaduga Nambi
  27. Vankipurathu Nambi
  28. Parankusa Nambi
  29. Ammangi Ammal
  30. ParuthikKollai Ammal
  31. Uthkala Ammal
  32. Chottai Ammal
  33. Mudumbai Ammal
  34. Komaandur Pillai
  35. Komaandur Ilaiyavilli
  36. Kidambi Perumal
  37. Aarkaattup Pillaan

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Next in series: On October 15, 2009.



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The author is President, Swami Desika Darsana Satsangam (SDDS) and Editor,
Sri Ranga Sri (SRS) Electronic Journal, U.S.A.



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